Key characteristics of conservation grazing
Strategically placing grazing animals in certain areas at certain times to target and manage vegetation, including dominant, invasive or non-native plant species helping to maintain a diverse plant community.
Restoring and managing grasslands, wetlands, heathlands, and woodlands and wood pasture.
Promoting diversity of plant species within an ecosystem, which subsequently supports a wide range of wildlife. The action of grazing creates a mosaic of different heights, ages and structures, providing habitat and food sources for various invertebrates, mammals and birds.
Reducing the accumulation of dead plant material. Whilst this provides vital habitat, it can also pose a fire hazard in some ecosystems. By grazing and trampling vegetation, herbivoress help to decrease the risk of wildfires.
Conservation grazing also supports soil health by maintaining the nutrient cycle through deposition of urine and dung, and by reducing compaction of the soil.